Principles of Civility, Integrity, and Professionalism
These Principles supplement the precepts set forth in ABOTA’s
Code of Professionalism and are a guide to the proper conduct
of litigation. Civility, integrity, and professionalism are the
hallmarks of our learned calling, dedicated to the administration
of justice for all. Counsel adhering to these principles will
further the truth-seeking process so that disputes will be
resolved in a just, dignified, courteous, and efficient manner.
These principles are not intended to inhibit vigorous advocacy
or detract from an attorney’s duty to represent a client’s cause
with faithful dedication to the best of counsel’s ability. Rather,
they are intended to discourage conduct that
demeans, hampers, or obstructs our system of justice.
These Principles apply to attorneys and judges, who have
mutual obligations to one another to enhance and preserve
the dignity and integrity of our system of justice. As lawyers
must practice these Principles when appearing in court, it is
not presumptuous of them to expect judges to observe them
in kind. The Principles as to the conduct of judges set forth
herein are derived from judiciary codes and standards.
These Principles are not intended to be a basis for imposing
sanctions, penalties, or liability, nor can they supersede or
detract from the professional, ethical, or disciplinary codes of
conduct adopted by regulatory boards.
As a member of the American Board of Trial
Advocates, I will adhere to the following Principles:
1. Advance the legitimate interests of my clients, without
reflecting any ill will they may have for their adversaries, even
if called on to do so, and treat all other counsel, parties, and
witnesses in a courteous manner.
2. Never encourage or knowingly authorize a person under my
direction or supervision to engage in conduct proscribed by
3. Never, without good cause, attribute to other counsel bad
motives or improprieties.
4. Never seek court sanctions unless they are fully justified by
the circumstances and necessary to protect a client’s legitimate
interests and then only after a good faith effort to informally
resolve the issue with counsel.
5. Adhere to all express promises and agreements, whether oral
or written, and, in good faith, to all commitments implied by
the circumstances or local custom.
6. When called on to do so, commit oral understandings to
writing accurately and completely, provide other counsel with a
copy for review, and never include matters on which there has
been no agreement without explicitly advising other counsel.
7. Timely confer with other counsel to explore settlement
possibilities and never falsely hold out the potential of
settlement for the purpose of foreclosing discovery or delaying
8. Always stipulate to undisputed relevant matters when it is
obvious that they can be proved and where there is no good
faith basis for not doing so.
9. Never initiate communication with a judge without the
knowledge or presence of opposing counsel concerning a
matter at issue before the court.
10. Never use any form of discovery scheduling as a means of
11. Make good faith efforts to resolve disputes concerning
pleadings and discovery.
12. Never file or serve motions or pleadings at a time calculated
to unfairly limit opposing counsel’s opportunity to respond.
13. Never request an extension of time solely for the purpose
of unjustified delay or to obtain a tactical advantage.
14. Consult other counsel on scheduling matters in a good faith
effort to avoid conflicts.
15. When calendar conflicts occur, accommodate counsel by
rescheduling dates for hearings, depositions, meetings, and
16. When hearings, depositions, meetings, or other events are
to be canceled or postponed, notify as early as possible other
counsel, the court, or other persons as appropriate, so as to
avoid unnecessary inconvenience, wasted time and expense,
and to enable the court to use previously reserved time for
17. Agree to reasonable requests for extension of time and
waiver of procedural formalities when doing so will not adversely affect my client's legitimate rights.
18. Never cause the entry of a default or dismissal without
first notifying opposing counsel, unless material prejuedice has
been suffered by my client.
19. Never take depositions for the purpose of harassment or
to burden an opponent with increased litigation expenses.
20. During a deposition, never engage in conduct which would
not be appropriate in the presence of a judge.
21. During a deposition, never obstruct the interrogator or
object to questions unless reasonably necessary to preserve an
objection or privilege for resolution by the court.
22. During depositions, ask only those questions reasonably
necessary for the prosecution or defense of an action.
23. Draft document production requests and interrogatories
limited to those reasonably necessary for the prosecution or
defense of an action, and never design them to place an undue
burden or expense on a party.
24. Make reasonable responses to document requests and
interrogatories and not interpret them in an artificially
restrictive manner so as to avoid disclosure of relevant and
25. Never produce documents in a manner designed to
obscure their source, create confusion, or hide the existence
of particular documents.
26. Base discovery objections on a good faith belief in their
merit, and not for the purpose of withholding or delaying the
disclosure of relevant and nonprivileged information.
27. When called on, draft orders that accurately and completely
reflect a court’s ruling, submit them to other counsel for review,
and attempt to reconcile any differences before presenting
them to the court.
28. During argument, never attribute to other counsel a
position or claim not taken, or seek to create such an unjustified
29. Unless specifically permitted or invited, never send to the court copies of correspondence between counsel.
When In Court I Will:
1. Always uphold the dignity of the court and never be
2. Never publicly criticize a judge for his or her rulings or a
jury for its verdict. Criticism should be reserved for appellate
3. Be punctual and prepared for all court appearances, and, if
unavoidably delayed, notify the court and counsel as soon as
4. Never engage in conduct that brings disorder or disruption
to the courtroom.
5. Advise clients and witnesses of the proper courtroom
conduct expected and required.
6. Never misrepresent or misquote facts or authorities.
7. Verify the availability of clients and witnesses, if possible,
before dates for hearings or trials are scheduled, or immediately
thereafter, and promptly notify the court and counsel if their
attendance cannot be assured.
8. Be respectful and courteous to court marshals or bailiffs,
clerks, reporters, secretaries, and law clerks.
Conduct Expected of Judges
A lawyer is entitled to expect
judges to observe the following Principles:
1. Be courteous and respectful to lawyers, parties, witnesses,
and court personnel.
2. Control courtroom decorum and proceedings so as to ensure
that all litigation is conducted in a civil and efficient manner.
3. Abstain from hostile, demeaning, or humiliating language in
written opinions or oral communications with lawyers, parties,
4. Be punctual in convening all hearings and conferences, and,
if unavoidably delayed, notify counsel, if possible.
5. Be considerate of time schedules of lawyers, parties,
and witnesses in setting dates for hearings, meetings, and
conferences. When possible, avoid scheduling matters for a
time that conflicts with counsel’s required appearance before